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Citations, Style Manuals, and RefWorks

Shortcuts to online resources: APA     MLA     CSE     Chicago

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Why should you cite your sources?

Citing your sources is an essential part of any scholarly work that you do. It gives credit to the authors’ whose work you are using and helps you avoid plagiarism. It also allows your readers to find your research sources and it supports claims and arguments that you make in an assignment.

Different disciplines use different citation styles. Each style serves as a standard style for documenting and formatting written work within a discipline.

Information Ethics

Are you using information ethically? As a student, it is important that you understand when and how to cite sources and outside information used in an assignment. The tutorial below will help you understand when and how to cite, the different citations styles, and where to go for more information.

SPU Online Tutorial – Information Ethics

Print Resources for Citation Styles and Writing

The SPU Library has created a list of citation manuals and writing resources owned by the library.  These books in the library can help you learn about citation styles and general writing mechanics and best practices.

Online Resources for Citation Styles

In addition to books found in the library, there are many helpful resources available online.

APA

  • Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab)
    The Purdue OWL site is an excellent resource and tool for citation styles. Use this resource for easy reference for in-text and reference list formatting and general information on citation styles.
  • Bedford/St Martin’s Research & Documentation Online
    This online resource is easy to navigate and a great place for quick reference for citation styles. Go here for sample research papers formatted in the various citation styles and easy to use citation examples.
  • APA Style Guide to Electronic Reference
    This ebook is a supplement to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association and offers additional clarification for formatting electronic reference sources.
  • APA Style - Frequently Asked Questions
    This page of the APA website is a good resource for when you have general questions about citation style or if you’re stuck with a formatting question.

MLA

  • Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab)
    The Purdue OWL site is an excellent resource and tool for citation styles. Use this resource for easy reference for in-text and reference list formatting and general information on citation styles.
  • Bedford/St Martin’s Research & Documentation Online
    This online resource is easy to navigate and a great place for quick reference for citation styles. Go here for sample research papers formatted in the various citation styles and easy to use citation examples.
  • MLA Style - Frequently Asked Questions
    This page of the MLA website is a good resource for when you have general questions about citation style or if you’re stuck with a formatting question.

CSE

Chicago Style

  • Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab)
    The Purdue OWL site is an excellent resource and tool for citation styles. Use this resource for easy reference for in-text and reference list formatting and general information on citation styles.
  • Bedford/St Martin’s Research & Documentation Online
    This online resource is easy to navigate and a great place for quick reference for citation styles. Go here for sample research papers formatted in the various citation styles and easy to use citation examples.

RefWorks

What is RefWorks?

RefWorks is online citation management software that allows users to:

  • create an online space where you can save research, information from journals, books, websites and more
  • organize that data
  • share parts or all of the data with other users
  • use the data to create bibliographies for papers and assignments

Refworks at SPU

  • first time users will need to create an account
  • off-campus users will need to contact the SPU Library for the "group code" (call 206-281-2419 or email reference@spu.edu)
  • allow pop-ups from RefWorks

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New User? Check out these training opportunities:

Contact your library liaison or email reference@spu.edu to request a one-on-one session with a librarian.

Ask a Librarian

You’ve got questions. We’ve got answers.

Subject Guides:

Not sure what database to use to find articles? Check out the library subject guides for help. Select your discipline and choose from hand-picked databases.

A tip for using RefWorks and ohter citation generators

Creating Citations

If you use RefWorks, citation generators in the databases, or free sites like NoodleTools or EasyBib, keep in mind that while popular and convenient, you still need to verify their accuracy and integrate citations correctly.

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