Health Risks

Trade or
Other Names
Medical Uses
Tolerance Duration (Hours) Usual Methods of
Possible Effects Effects of Overdose Withdrawal
Physical Psychological
Opium II III V Dover's Powder, Paregoric Panspectolin Analgesic, antidiarrheal High High Yes 3-6 Oral, smoked

Euphoria,Drowsiness, Respiratorydepression, Constricted pupils, Nausea

Slow and shallow breathing,Clammy skin, Convulsions, Coma, Possible death

Watery eyes, Runny nose, Yawning, Loss of appetite, Irritability, Tremors, Panic, Cramps, Nausea, Chills, Sweating

Morphine II III Morphine, MS-Contin, Roxanol, Roxanol-SR Analgesic, antitussive High High Yes 3-6 Oral, smoked, injected
Codeine II III V Tylenol w/Codeine, Empirin w/Codeine, Robitussan A-C, Fiorinal w/Codeine Analgesic, antitussive Moderate Moderate Yes 3-6 Oral, injected
Heroin I Diacetylmorphine, Horse, Smack None High High Yes 3-6 Injected, sniffed, smoked
Hydromorphone II I Dilaudid Analgesic High High Yes 3-6 Oral, injected
Meperidine (Pethidine) I Demerol, Mepergan Analgesic High High Yes 3-6 Oral, injected
Methadone II Dolophine, Methadone, Methadose Analgesic High High-Low Yes 12-24 Oral, injected
Other Narcotics I II III IV V Numorphan, Percodan, Percocet, Tylox, Tussionex, Fentanyl, Darvon, Lomotil, Talwin Analgesic, antidiarrheal, antitussive High-Low High-Low Yes Variable Oral, injected
Cloral Hydrate IV Noctec Hypnotic Moderate Moderate Yes 5-8 Oral Slurred speech,Disorientation, Drunken behavior without odor of alcohol Shallow respiration, Clammy skin, Dilated pupils, Weak and rapid pulse, Coma, Possible death Anxiety Insomnia Tremors
Possible death
Barbiturates II III IV Amytal, Butisol, Fiorinol, Lotusate, Nembutal, Seconal, Tuinal, Phenobarbital Anasthetic, anticonvulsant, sedative, hypnotic, veterinary euthanasia agent High-Mod. High-Mod. Yes 1-16 Oral
Benzodiazepines IV Ativan, Dalmane, Diazeparn, Librium, Xanax, Serax, Valium, Tranxexe, Verstran, Versed, Halcion, Paxipam, Restoril Antianxiety, anticonvulsant, sedative, hypnotic Low Low Yes 4-8 Oral
Methaqualone I Quaalude Sedative, hypnotic High High Yes 4-8 Oral
Glutethimide III Doriden Sedative, hypnotic High Moderate Yes 4-8 Oral
Other Depressants III IV Equanil, Mikown, Noludar, Placidyl, Valmid Antianxiety, sedative, hypnotic Moderate Moderate Yes 4-8 Oral
Cocaine II Coke, Flake, Snow, Crack Local anesthetic Possible × High Yes 1-2 Sniffed, smoked, injected Increased alertness, Excitation× Euphoria, Increased pulse rate and blood pressure, Insomnia, Loss of appetite Agitation, Increase in body temperature, Hallucinations, Convulsions, Possible death Apathy, Long periods of sleep, Irritability, Depression, Disorientation
Amphetamines II Biphetamine, Delcobase, Desoxyn, Dexedrine, Obetrol Attention deficit disorders, narcolepsy, weight control Possible High Yes 2-4 Oral, injected
Phenmetrazine II Preludin Weight control Possible High Yes 2-4 Oral, injected
Methylphenidate II Ritalin Attention deficit disorders, narcolepsy Possible Moderate Yes 2-4 Oral, injected
Other Stimulants III IV Adipex, Cylert, Didrex, Ionamert, Melthat, Plegine, Sanorex, Tenuate, Tepanit, Prelu-2 Weight control Possible High Yes 2-4 Oral, injected
LSD I Acid, Microdot None None Unknown Yes 8-12 Oral Illusions and hallucinations, Poor perception of time and distance Longer, more intense "trip" episodes, Psychosis, Possible death Withdrawal syndrome not reported
Mescaline and Peyote I Mexo, Buttons, Cactus None None Unknown Yes 8-12 Oral
Amphetamine Variants I 2,5-DMA, PMA, STP, MDA, MDMA, TMA, DOM, DOB None Unknown Unknown Yes Variable Oral, injected
Phencyclidine II PCP, Angel Dust, Hog None Unknown High Yes Days Smoked, oral, injected
Phencyclidine Analogues PCE, PCPy, TCP None Unknown High Yes Days Smoked, oral, injected
Other Hallucinogens Butotenine, Ibogaine, DMT, DET, Psilocybin, Psilocyn None None Unknown Possible Variable Smoked, oral, injected, sniffed
Marijuana I Pot, Acapulco Gold, Grass, Reefer, Sinsomnia, Thai Sticks None Unknown Moderate Yes 2-4 Smoked, oral Euphoria, Relaxed inhibitions, Increased appetite Disoriented behavior, Fatigue, Paranoia, Possible psychosis Occasionally reported: Insomnia, Hyperactivity, Decreased appetite
Tetrahydrocannabinol I II THC, Mennol Cancer chemotherapy anesthetic Unknown Moderate Yes 2-4 Smoked, oral
Hashish I Hash None Unknown Moderate Yes 2-4 Smoked, oral
Hashish Oil I Hash Oil None Unknown Moderate Yes 2-4 Smoked, oral